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Increase in anxiety and “anti-Chinese” sentiment from Beijing’s aggressive behaviors

Increase in anxiety anWithin just over a month, China has launched a series of aggressive activities in the South China Sea. While global efforts are focused on coping with the COVID-19 pandemic, Beijing’s encroachment in the South China Sea has increased anxiety and “anti-Chinese” sentiments in Vietnam. Vietnamese web pages are filled with information and articles condemning Chinese behavior in the South China Sea.

In 2014, when China’s Haiyang Shiyou 981 oil platform perforated Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone and Central continental shelf, a strong “anti-Chinese” wave surged within the country, causing destruction of a number of Chinese enterprises’ infrastructure in Vietnam, even prompting Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation to transfer most of its Chinese workers home. In recent time, psychological anxiety and “anti-China” sentiments have re-emerged as Beijing conducts a series of belligerent activities in the South China Sea. Such sentiments are demonstrated as follows:

1. Vietnam’s determination to protect its national sovereignty, rights and interests at sea against Beijing’s expansion and hegemony

Beijing’s serious challenge to Washington's interests in the South China Sea

Beijings serious challenge to Washingtons interests in the South China SeaBeijing officials consider the US Navy to be at its hardest time as four aircraft carriers (USS Theodore Roosevelt, USS Ronald Reagan, USS Carl Vinson and USS Nimitz) have had to cease operations due to the COVID-19 epidemic. As such, there is currently no US carrier fleet currently operating in the Western Pacific region. The Global Times even gloated in saying that the US Navy "cannot conceal the weak position".

Beijing sees this moment as an opportunity to carry out a series of aggressions in the South China Sea to gain an advantage over the US, boosting its irrational claim in the South China Sea, eventually pushing the US out to monopolize the area.

With this view, Beijing authorities have constantly increased aggressive activities in the South China Sea, from the recent sinking of Vietnamese fishing vessels, dispatching Liaoning aircraft carrier combatants in the South China Sea and Haiyang Dizhi 08 geological survey ship and multiple law enforcement vessels to harass and prevent Malaysia's petroleum activities, to announcing the illegal establishment of "Xisha District" and "Nansha District" and naming 80 entities in the South China Sea.

China's breaking the law in the South China Sea: the EU must not ignore

Chinas breaking the law in the South China Sea the EU must not ignoreSince the day the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 came into effect, the international community cannot deny its importance and legal role in international law. It is considered the Charter of the oceans.

Up to March 2020, there have been 168 countries and the European Communities (EC) participating in the UNCLOS 1982. Notably, the Convention dictates that once becoming a signatory to UNCLOS 1982, member states must adhere to all the provisions that the Convention stipulates without exception or reservation. As such, signatories cannot simply decide to comply with specific provisions benefitting them and disregard obligations not favorable to their interests. Nevertheless, there is one that has been spearheading such breaches of the law.

Implications of the US aircraft carrier’s second visit to Vietnam

Implications of the US aircraft carriers second visit to VietnamOn March 9th, 2020, USS Theodore Roosevelt concluded its trip to Tien Sa Port, Da Nang which marks the second visit of a US carrier to Vietnam. International experts and scholars have commented on the important implications and significance of this second visit. This article will explore some of these comments from the different perspectives.

The first US carrier’s visit to Vietnam after 1975 was made by USS Carlson Vinson exactly two years ago. This is considered a historical event in the history of US-Vietnam bilateral relations. This year, the USS Theodore Roosevelt’s visit to Vietnam not only bears important implications for the bilateral relationship but also for the region, sending out a strategic note from Washington.

First, this visit demonstrates the US’ continuous commitment to the region, including the promotion of a Free and Open Indo-Pacific in which Vietnam might be a vital eye of the chain.

Beijing’s aggression in the South China Sea amidst the pandemic

South China Sea amidst the pandemicEver since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and early 2020, researchers have warned that Beijing authorities would increase their belligerent activities in the South China Sea for the post-COVID-19 period. Such warning has come true, as Beijing has repeatedly committed aggressive actions in the South China Sea in the last month, while the pandemic rages on all over the world.

Beginning a series of recent activities, Chinese maritime vessels had sunken Vietnamese fishing boats in the Paracel Islands, causing public outcry. In spite of the focus on combatting the COVID-19 epidemic, the US State Department, the Department of Defense, and Senators, have strongly protested against Chinese maritime vessels’ such aggressive actions against Vietnamese fishing boats. The Philippines also strongly condemns such inhumane actions by Chinese maritime vessels, despite the need to enlist China’s support.

Following the sinking of Vietnamese fishing vessels, China sent the Liaoning carrier strike group into the South China Sea to conduct military exercises and to scare off neighboring countries. Afterwards, China brought in the Haiyang Dizhi 08 geological survey ship as well as other maritime and militia vessels (which have invaded Vietnam's exclusive economic zone and continental shelf in 2019) so as to operate within the waters of countries along the South China Sea.

US military commander says China pushing South China Sea claims under cover of COVID-19

tải xuống 1TOKYO: China is using the coronavirus as a cover to push territorial claims in the South China Sea through a surge in naval activity meant to intimidate other countries that claim the waters, the commander of United States Forces in Japan said on Friday (Jun 5).

There has been a surge of activity by China in the South China Sea with navy ships, coast guard vessels and a naval militia of fishing boats harassing vessels in waters claimed by Beijing, said Lieutenant General Kevin Schneider.

"Through the course of the (COVID-19) crisis we saw a surge of maritime activity," he told Reuters in a phone interview. He said Beijing had also increased its activity in the East China Sea, where it has a territorial dispute with Japan.

Beijing's increased level of activity would likely continue, predicted Schneider: "I don't see troughs, I see plateaus," he said.

South China Sea: US-China hostility reaches 'new Cold War levels' as violence fears grow

tải xuốngChina has been accused of capitalising on the global coronavirus crisis to assert further dominance in the South China Sea, as the US aims to halt Beijing's ambitions in the region. Washington made the accusation in April as multiple sources reported that Chinese forces stepped up patrols and naval exercises in the contested waters. The US Department of State said in a statement: "We call on the PRC [People's Republic of China] to remain focused on supporting international efforts to combat the global pandemic and to stop exploiting the distraction or vulnerability of other states to expand its unlawful claims in the South China Sea."

But Xi Jinping and his government allies have hit back at President Donald Trump's US government, claiming any suggestion China is "exploiting" the pandemic is false.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi responded: "There is nothing to support the claim that China is using COVID-19 to expand its presence in the South China Sea."

New Air Bases, Baby Cabbage Key to Chinese Long-Term Claims in South China Sea

New Air BasesChina is tightening its grip on disputed claims in the South China Sea by beefing up its military capability and planting the seeds of long-term habitability on the artificial islands at the core of its regional economic influence strategy.

Last week, Taiwanese officials warned of the threat posed by a Chinese air defense identification zone (ADIZ), according to press reports, including an account in the South China Morning Post. China is likely years away from being able to control the region, but the leadership in Beijing continues working to establish a framework that would be necessary to eventually assert control of its claims.

As the U.S. Navy runs freedom of navigation operations in the South China Sea, China’s strategy for backing its claims to expand its regional economic influence is taking shape in the air and on the ground.

Pressures increasing on Indonesia and Malaysia in the South China Sea

200527111102-wolf-warrior-ii-exlarge-169Hong Kong (CNN)Chinese and Malaysian vessels were locked in a high-stakes standoff for more than one month earlier this year, near the island of Borneo in the South China Sea.

The Malaysian-authorized drill ship, the West Capella, was looking for resources in waters also claimed by Beijing, when a Chinese survey vessel, accompanied by coast guard ships, sailed into the area and began conducting scans, according to satellite images analyzed by the Asia Maritime Transparency Institute (AMTI).

Malaysia deployed naval vessels to the area, which were later backed by US warships that had been on joint exercises in the South China Sea.

Beijing claimed it was conducting "normal activities in waters under Chinese jurisdiction," but for years Chinese vessels have been accused of hounding countries who try to explore for resources in waters that China claims as its own.

China to soon build air, naval bases in Scarborough Shoal, Carpio warns

Scarborough ShoalMetro Manila (CNN Philippines, June 9) — Retired Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio on Tuesday warned China may "very soon put up" air and naval bases on Scarborough Shoal.

He said this is the next step in the East Asian giant's reported plan for an air defense identification zone (ADIZ) in the contested South China Sea.

"When China hinted it will establish an ADIZ over South China Sea, it only meant one thing: China will very soon put up an air and naval base on Scarborough Shoal," he said in a virtual roundtable discussion led by the Stratbase Albert del Rosario Institution.

Carpio said that without an air and naval base, ADIZ cannot be enforced over the South China Sea because of a "hole in China's radar, missile, and jet fighter coverage" in the vicinity of Scarborough Shoal.

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