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Analysis

Beijing libels Hanoi by its tricks

Beijing libels Hanoi by its tricksOn November 3rd 2020, the “South China Sea Strategic Situation Probing Initiative” (SCSPI) of Beijing University (China) released another report titled “‘Illegal’ activities of Vietnamese fishing boats in the South China Sea in October 2020” to defame Vietnam.

As said in the report, there were 6,142 Vietnamese fishing boats operating in more than 70,587 spots in the South China Sea recorded by the vessels’ automatic identification system (AIS). The number decreased by one third compared to that amid peak time in July 2020. China adduced the vessels’ AIS to prove the objectivity of its data, which was said to have declined, thus deceiving the public.

An Obama Restoration on Foreign Policy? Familiar Faces Could Fill Biden’s Team

 

 

An Obama Restoration on Foreign Policy Familiar Faces Could Fill Bidens TeamWASHINGTON — President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s national security team is likely to be largely staffed by former Obama Situation Room regulars prepared to restore foreign policy principles discarded by President Trump.

An Obama redux would be a source of enormous relief to establishment insiders, who are desperate to see seasoned hands regain control of national security. But that likelihood is also causing disquiet among some younger, more liberal Democrats impatient with their party’s pre-Trump national security instincts, which they consider badly outdated.

The US sanctions of Chinese companies participating in land reclamation and militarization

Appropriate The US sanctions of Chinese companies participating in land reclamation and militarization in the South China SeaIn face of the expanding reclamation and militarization activities on artificial islands in the South China Sea, US congressmen have long called upon the Government to impose sanctions on Chinese enterprises and individuals participating in these illegal activities.

In 2017, a bipartisan group of US senators introduced the first sanction bill on the illegal activities in the South China Sea and the East China Sea. In May 2019, US congressmen reintroduced this bill to Congress. The bill requested the Government to seize the US-based financial assets, revoke or deny US visa for anyone engaging in “actions or policies that threaten the peace, security or stability” in the South China Sea. However, the bill was not approved then.

Indonesia and international law in the South China Sea

Indonesia and international law in the South China SeaDespite not being a directly concerned party to the South China Sea dispute, Indonesia always upholds the rule of law concerning the relevant issues and supports the settlement of disputes by peaceful means provided by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Recently, within only half a month, Indonesia submitted two notes verbales to the UN to take a stand on the South China Sea issue and resolutely decline China’s request to negotiate on maritime issues.

In the recent notes verbales and statements, Indonesia affirms that: (i) Indonesia is not a claimant to the territorial dispute in the South China Sea; their exclusive economic zone (EEZ) or continental shelf does not overlap with any illegal claims by China; (ii) Indonesia highlights the significance of the Award on 12 July 2016 of the South China Sea Arbitration between the Philippines and China; (iii) Indonesia has sovereignty and sovereign rights over the maritime areas in consistency with UNCLOS; (iv) Indonesia urges all parties to respect international law, including UNCLOS.

Cambodia caught in the middle of US-China clash over South China Sea military bases

Cambodia caught in the middle of USChina clash over South China Sea military basesLast weekend, in a speech at the virtual United Nations General Assembly, Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen rebuked “some countries” for increasingly interfering in the sovereignty of smaller countries.

“As a peace-loving small country committed to democratic principles, Cambodia can play its part in the international community only if it is assured that the rules governing the international system are fairly applied,” he said.

“Unfortunately, all too often, depending on the political ambition and hidden opportunistic agenda of some countries, Cambodia had to deal with hypocritical double-standards, biased and politically motivated decisions, in short, injustice.”

What could China do to hit back at a US drone attack?

What could China do to hit back at a US drone attackChina’s most effective response to a multiple US drone attack could be to hit back at the unmanned vehicles’ base and destroy the entire fleet, a Chinese military analyst suggested after reports that a recent US drone exercise might have been aimed at China.

As one of the hi-tech weapons of modern warfare, drones can be difficult to detect because they are small and operate at low altitudes.

The Code of Conduct for the South China Sea: A Long and Bumpy Road

The Code of Conduct for the South China Sea A Long and Bumpy RoadDuring last month’s ASEAN Regional Forum, foreign ministers from the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) once again called for an expedited negotiation of the Code of Conduct for the South China Sea (COC). But there are many obstacles that will have to be overcome before the long-expected agreement sees the light of day.

The region and world is currently in the throes of a fierce competition between the United States and China. In recent weeks, military exercises and the deployment of aircraft carriers by both powers have left regional observers fearing a potential military conflict. The South China Sea is perhaps the key flashpoint in Sino-American competition. It seems that the current American approach in the South China Sea is to respond to China’s increasingly assertive actions through the deployment of its own military power. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said that the U.S. is actively building up the capacity needed to prevent China’s domination of the region. “The Indo-Pacific is the epicenter of a great power competition with China,” he said last month. “We’re not going to cede this region – an inch of ground, if you will – to another country.”

Is the South China Sea just a bilateral issue?

Is the South China Sea just a bilateral issueChina has always asserted that the South China Sea issue is just a matter between China and the other disputant countries, and that it should be resolved only through direct negotiations between the parties concerned. China has even demanded that, whenever a conflict emerges, disputant countries should conduct "internal exchanges" only with China and refrain from "publicizing" it. Always standing opposed to the "multilateralization" and "internationalization" of the South China Sea issue, China has tried to prevent ASEAN and other regional and international forums from having substantive discussions or statements on this issue, pressurizing, threatening and even "punishing" countries which dared to "publicize" or "internationalize" the issue. As a result, some countries have been compelled to adopt a "tactic of silence" even when China had infringed upon their lawful sovereignty in the South China Sea. China, on its part, has used this to demonstrate that the South China Sea situation was "basically stable" and "under control", in an attempt to forestall and restrict international concern about the issue. In schools, such a behavior is usually called "bullying", but the South China Sea is not a classroom and nations are not primary school pupils.

European powers weigh wading into South China Sea

European powers weigh wading into South China SeaMajor European powers are weighing how to step up their presence in China’s adjacent waters, including the contested South China Sea, as tensions rachet up in what some see as the dawning of a new Cold War.

For European powers like Britain and France, the stakes are even higher as they adopt ever-tougher stances against China’s unilateral moves and naval assertiveness in the strategic maritime region.

Both European countries are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and full-fledged nuclear powers with ‘blue water’ naval capabilities. They also have significant territorial possessions in a region with major trade and investment partners.

An Answer to Aggression

The Chinese Communist Party’s initial mismanagement of the COVID-19 pandemic and its subsequent attempts to exploit the crisis have produced enduring problems for the rest of the world. But the CCP’s behavior has also helped clarify the threat that China poses to the security, prosperity, and well-being of other countries. Public opinion polls show that over 60 percent of Americans of both political parties now hold a negative view of Beijing’s leadership and intentions, and similar attitudes can be found across the democratic world. This heightened awareness of a shared danger creates an opportunity for the United States and its allies to formulate a new and more effective strategy for dealing with China.

For the past four decades, Western democracies have hoped that engagement with China would cause its leaders to abandon any revisionist ambitions they might harbor and accept their country’s place as a “responsible stakeholder” in the U.S.-led international order. Expanding flows of trade and investment would, it was thought, also encourage Beijing to proceed down the path toward greater economic and political openness. The policy of engagement was not absurd on its face; it was a gamble rather than an outright blunder. But as has become increasingly obvious, the West’s wager has failed to pay off.

Difficulties in "diplomatic and legal processes" or the issue of "do-not-dispute sovereignty"

Difficulties in diplomatic and legal processes or the issue of donotdispute sovereigntySovereignty and territorial disputes have existed between many countries and in many parts of the world. Diplomatic and legal measures have always been considered appropriate for their peaceful settlement. However, in the case of the South China Sea, such processes have faced with numerous obstacles, mainly due to China’s position.

The best solution that should always be given priority is direct negotiation between the disputants. It is by this way that Vietnam and China have solved satisfactorily the problem of land border delimitation and issues concerning the Bac Bo (Tonkin) Gulf.

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